A GRAMMAR AND WORKBOOK In English most nouns form their plural by adding '-s' to the singular form In Modern German Grammar Workbook. Basic German: A Grammar and Workbook comprises an accessible reference grammar and related exercises in a single volume. It introduces German people. Basic German: A Grammar and Workbook is an excellent learning material for independent study with emphasis on German grammar. It is a beginner's course .
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Published: May 01, PDF created by Hagindaz · Österreich German language grammar rules useful to the student working through any of the . to, but are not included in, the vocabulary presented in the basic and advanced lessons. 6. März BASIC GERMAN:A GRAMMAR AND WORKBOOKBasic German: A Grammar and Workbook comprises an accessiblereference grammar and. Basic German: A Grammar and Workbook comprises an accessible reference grammar and related DownloadPDF MB Read online.
Das Buch kostet 5 Euro. The book costs 5 euros. Ihr redet zu viel. Reist du wieder nach Italien? Are you travelling to Italy again? Susi likes kissing. For a few verbs where the stem ends in x, z or tz the same pattern applies: Here are examples in some frequently usedverbs: Liest du gern Harry Potter?
Do you like reading Harry Potter? He is watching a football match. Sie isst gern Pizza.
German teaching resources
She likes eating pizza. Sprichst du Deutsch? Do you speak German? Looking out for patternsThese changes apply only to a limited number of verbs. It is best to learnthese verbs by heart.
There are also certain patterns which can help youpredict how a verb changes. They are: Unit 3 15Examples: Any moment now it will fall down!
He wears a new T-shirt. Changes from e to iYou have seen that sprechen and essen are two prominent verbs which changetheir vowel from e to i. Other verbs which follow this pattern are: Er hilft Frau Maier. He helps Frau Maier. Are you meeting Angelika today? Er wirft den Ball zu Beckham. He throws the ball to Beckham. The verb nehmen also follows the e to i pattern, but it has greater spellingvariations. Here are all forms: He is taking a hot bath.
Changes from e to ieSome verbs such as sehen and lesen, where the e sound is pronounced long,change their vowel e into ie: Er sieht Jutta nicht. Sie empfiehlt Tee. She recommends tea. Where to look for irregular formsAll verbs with a vowel change are irregular verbs. But beware: Other irregular verbsThere are also two other groups of verb forms which do not conform to theregular pattern in the present tense: Exercise 3.
Place a tick against the oneswhich change their vowel in the present tense and a cross against the oneswhich do not.
Use a verb list to checkyour answers. Use this information to write a short portrait of him. They arequite irregular in German, as in English.
BASIC GERMAN: A GRAMMAR AND WORKBOOK
Different patternsAs explained in Unit 3, irregular verbs in German tend to change theirstem vowel. Haben and sein — an overviewHere is an overview of the verb forms for haben and sein: The endings for ich, wir, ihr and sie are regular: Examples Ich habe viel zu tun.
I have a lot to do. Claus hat eine Schwester. Claus has one sister. Haben Sie Wechselgeld? Do you have change? Sie haben ein neues Auto. They have a new car. Use of habenHaben is an important verb which you will be using a lot.
Ich habe gesungen. I have sung. Useful phrasesHere are a few useful phrases with haben: Hunger haben to be hungry Ich habe Hunger.
Durst haben to be thirsty Er hat Durst. Langeweile haben to be bored Wir haben Langeweile. Kopfschmerzen haben to have a headache Sie hat Kopfschmerzen. Ich bin aus Deutschland. Sind Sie Herr Schuhmacher? Are you Mr Schuhmacher? Er ist Amerikaner.
He is an American. Sie ist Lehrerin. She is a teacher. Es ist schwer. Apologies, we are late. Seid Ihr verheiratet? Are you married? And there is, of course Shakespeare: To be or not to be, that is the question. In German this would be: Sein oder Nicht-Sein.
Das ist die Frage. Use of seinLike haben, sein is an important verb and you will be using it a lot. It is usedto form tenses and other grammatical forms. You cannot,for instance, use sein to form a tense similar to the English: This tense does not exist in German. There is only one present tense: Exercise 4. Ich eine Schwester. Was Carsten von Beruf?
Unit 4 23 7 They are students. These are verbs which are made up of two parts: For example: Important separable verbsSeparable verbs are quite frequent in German. Here are some of the mostimportant ones: Mr Nolte rings his wife. Corinna goes out every day.
The children watch television every evening. He goes shopping in the supermarket. The meeting takes place on Monday. This may not necessarily be at the end ofthe sentence. I get up and then I have breakfast. Herr Carlsen Mr Carlsen is watching sieht fern, aber seine Kinder lesen. But that does not work all the time, so meanings of separable verbs need to belearned.
They include be-, er-, ge-and ver-. Er bezahlt mit seiner Kreditkarte. He pays with his credit card. Sie verkauft ihren alten Computer. She is selling her old computer.
More about separable verbsAs a beginner you will probably use separable verbs most often as explainedabove. However, separable verbs occur also in the imperative, in combinationwith modal verbs, and in the perfect and future tense. See Units 6 and 20—23for more information. Exercise 5. Put a tick against them. Er jeden Tag. The imperative is used for giving orders or instructing people to do things.
Basic German: A Grammar and Workbook - PRS for Music Foundation - Home
Go home! Open your books! Close the window! Whether you are addressing only one person or several, it does not change. Four different forms in GermanThe imperative in German is a bit more complicated. German also distinguishes between the formal and informal modeof address in the imperative. Kommen Sie! Warten Sie.
Unit 6 31 anfangen Fang an. Fangen Sie an. Fangt an. The formalimperative is the same in the singular and plural. Addressing one person informally du form The informal singular or du form is used with one person with whom you arequite familiar — children, family or close friends.
FormationYou form the imperative by using the stem of the verb without an ending: Come here! Drink less. Irregular formsVerbs which have some variation in their present tense also have slight vari-ations for the imperative: Breathe faster. Talk quietly. Read the newspaper. They simply use the stem to form the imperative: Drive on the right! Wear the red dress. Join us! Haben and seinHaben and sein behave like regular verbs. Use the stem of the verb: Be patient. Be careful. Addressing one person formally Sie form Use the formal singular or Sie form when you address one person you are notintimate with.
FormationSimply use the present-tense Sie form. Unlike the informal, the formalimperative includes the personal pronoun Sie. You can tell that it is animperative because the Sie comes after the verb: Please come. Separable verbsSeparable verbs split up again: Please start.
Addressing more than one person informally ihr form The informal plural is used when you are addressing at least two people or agroup of people you are familiar with — children, family or friends.
Unit 6 33FormationThe informal plural is formed exactly like the second person plural ihr: Wait for us. Addressing more than one person formally Sie form If you address more than one person in a formal way, you use the Sie pluralform. Please enter. Thisstructure is very similar to English. Exclamation marksIn written German, you often put an exclamation mark after the commandform.
This puts more emphasis on what is being said. Frequent useThe imperative is used quite frequently in German. It is not impolite or rudeto do so. English tends to use more elaborate structures, often in question Exercise 6.
Sie langsamer, bitte. Put the following inthe command form, using the du form. Unit 6 35Exercise 6. Interrogative Where do you come from? Woher kommen Sie? Wo wohnen Sie?
Yes or no question Have you got brothers and sisters? Haben Sie Geschwister? Is this your mobile? Ist das Ihr Handy? Here are both types in more detail. Unit 7 37 wann? ExamplesHere are some examples which show how the question words work. Wer ist das? Who is that? Wo wohnst du? Wie ist deine E-Mail-Adresse? What is your e-mail address? Wie viel kosten Gramm How much is grams of Mozzarella? Wie oft gehst du aus? How often do you go out? Useful pointsAs you can see, the usage of most question words in German is very similar toEnglish.
Note the following points. Wie ist dein Name? What is your name? It is incorrect to use was in such questions. If motion to or from a placeis indicated, German always uses wohin or woher: Where is the church? Wohin gehst du heute Abend? Where are you going to this evening? Woher kommst du gerade? Where have you just come from? How to ask about professions and where you workThe most common way in German to ask what somebody does for a livingis: Was sind Sie von Beruf?
What do you do for a living? Wo arbeiten Sie? For whom do you work? Where do you work? As youcan see, it does not need a question word. Trinkst du gern? Kommt Peter aus Berlin? Sie wohnen im Hotel Zur Sonne.
Here are some more examples: Sprechen Sie Deutsch? Arbeitet er bei MTV Deutschland? Does he work for MTV Germany? Does she really run 10 km each day? German is much simpler than English in this respect. Exercise 7. Wie alt sind Sie? Manchmal aber auch ein wenig stressig. Ich spreche aber sehr gut Englisch. Unit 7 41Checklist 1 Which question word do you use when you ask for a name or an address? A noun is a word used to name a person, an object, an abstract quality or aconcept: Biological gender in EnglishIn English, the gender of nouns conforms with their status: German uses instead grammatical gender, where there isno such obvious relationship.
Three genders in GermanIn German, all nouns are masculine, feminine or neuter. Unit 8 43As you can see, it is easy to guess the gender for nouns where the naturalgender is fairly clear: It is therefore advisable to learn a new noun with its gender: Themost common abbreviations are: Nevertheless, there are some clues that can help you work out whether anoun is masculine, feminine or neuter.
One is the ending of a noun. Thereare also certain groups of nouns which have identical genders. Here is anoverview. Clues for masculine nounsTypical endingsThe following endings usually indicate that a noun is masculine: Groups of nounsNouns which tend to be feminine are: Clues for neuter nounsTypical endingsAs for the other two genders, certain endings help you identify that a noun isneuter.
The most important are: Groups of nounsThere are also certain groups of nouns which tend to be neuter: Ingrammar terms a word that is made up of more than one noun is called acompound noun. Der Computer hat eine neue The computer has a new Tastatur. What is the name of the cinema? This can help you spot a noun in a German sentence. In the plural all three are die.
For more details see Units 10— Summary of main pointersHere is a summary of the main clues that can help you identify the gender ofa noun in German: Groups of nouns include: Unit 8 47Exercise 8. Do you remember which article they take?
The emphasis is on grammar and basic vocabulary. Correct answers can be found at the end of each file. Since all instructions just like the website itself are only in German, these worksheets are suited for intermediate and advanced students who can already understand instructions in written German.
Should you feel you still have not had enough of grammar, try also these additional exercises. Deutsch — German Language is a free e-book focusing on explaining the basics of German grammar. It also includes some useful German phrases and vocabulary lists on common, everyday topics. This material should not be used as a stand-alone workbook but rather as a grammar reference book. German Grammar Summary is a one-pager that summarises the most essential points of German grammar such as the use of cases, articles, reflexive pronouns and prepositions.
You can print it out and use it as a quick reference guide whenever needed. Dino has just started learning German, so the language of these stories is very simple both, sentence structure and vocabulary suitable for beginners.
Basic German: A Grammar and Workbook - PRS for Music Foundation - Home
At the end of each episode you will be asked to answer questions to make sure you understand the text. The answer key can be found at the end of the document page Unfortunately, the free PDF download is no longer available and you can only read and print the html document. Marktplatz is a German language course developed by Deutsche Welle with strong focus on business German.
It includes 26 chapters that address such specific business topics as starting a new business, raising capital, securing debt financing, financial planning, sales forecasting, forming joint ventures and subsidiaries, franchising, marketing, research and managing personnel and corporate identity.
Each chapter can be downloaded as a separate PDF file. Every PDF file begins with an article on a specific theme, followed by several different exercises with solutions that can be found at the bottom of the document. This course requires a German language skill level of at least B2. Solutions can be found at the end of each test.Er geht. Code of Silence: Roberts, Henry E.
Basic German. Gene Paolucci. Please enter. Zarzynski, Bob Benway. Useful phrases Here are a few useful phrases with haben: Hunger haben to be hungry Ich habe Hunger. For example, a noun can be the subject of the sentence, i.
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